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Intro to space tourism

Space travel is an extreme curiosity for humanity Space travel is an extreme curiosity for humanity

Man is curious by his nature, and space travel is an extreme curiosity for humanity. Few million people have had the opportunity to resolve their curiosity, but what about millions resting?? When could an ordinary man be able to realize the destiny of his dreams?? Millions of questions relate to the mind, but there was no answer for this couple of years. However, the distant dream of exploring space by the common man became a reality with the introduction of the space industry. People would like to experience space travel for several reasons. The purpose of the present paper is to provide a brief overview of the space tourism industry, its emerging trends and the degree of commercial viability, as well as the risk factors involved, followed by the conclusion.

The word space invigorates the enthusiasm of any curious individual towards the darkness of the universe, not literally, but one tries to see the light beyond that darkness. Curiosity takes hold of us. With all due respect to people who believe in the saying that curiosity kills, after all it is curiosity that has allowed humanity to reach the heights it has. Space exploration, aerodynamics, technology, communications, satellites, orbits and the list goes on are attributed to curiosity and enthusiasm for aviation and space exploration. Space is a term that can refer to various phenomena in science, mathematics and communication.

The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people who "visit and stay in places outside their usual environment for more than twenty-four (24) hours and not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited". Tourism has become a popular global leisure activity. In 2007, there were more than 903 million international tourist arrivals, with a growth of 6. 6% compared to 2006. International tourism revenues in India amounted to $ 856 billion in 2007. The first earth vehicle penetrated the orbit around the Earth more than three decades ago, but since this space-time has remained strictly in the field of national governments and professional astronauts. Throughout human history, there has always been a strong desire to explore and travel to new and exciting places.

Orbital space tourism

The advent of space tourism came in the late 1990s with an agreement between the Russian company MirCorp and the American company Space Adventures Ltd. MirCorp was a private company in charge of the Mir space station. To generate revenue for the maintenance of the old space station, MirCorp decided to sell a trip to Mir, and Tito became its first paying passenger. However, before Tito could make his journey, the decision was made to deorbite Mir, and-after the intervention of Space Adventures Ltd.- the mission was diverted to the ISS. Tito, who paid $ 2.2 billion for his flight on the Russian Soyuz TM-32 spacecraft, spent seven days aboard the ISS and is considered the world's first space tourist. However, given the arduous training required for his mission, Tito opposed the use of the word tourist, and since his flight, the term spaceflight participant has been used more often to distinguish commercial space travelers from career astronauts.

Orbital space tourism continued to grow after Tito's mission, with flights to the ISS by South African millionaire Mark Shuttleworth in 2002 and American businessman Gregory Olsen in 2005. These travelers were followed by Iranian-born American businesswoman Anousheh Ansari, who became the fourth participant in a space flight and the first paid female space traveler when she visited the ISS in September 2006. The following year, American billionaire Charles Simonyi joined the ranks of spaceflight participants when he shared a trip with two cosmonauts aboard Soyuz TMA-10 for a 10-day stay on the ISS, and Simonyi made a second flight in 2009. The sixth participant in space flight, American video game developer Richard Garriott, was released in October 2008. On making his flight, Garriott became the first second-generation American in space, as his father, Owen Garriott, was a former astronaut. (Cosmonauts Aleksandr Volkov and his son Sergey were the first father-son space travelers. Sergey Volkov was in the ISS when Garriott arrived. No spaceflight participant has visited the ISS since Canadian businessman Guy Laliberté in 2009, but Space Adventures has announced that two passengers will travel to the ISS in 2021. Since 2007, Space Adventures has been offering a spaceflight around the Moon aboard a Soyuz spacecraft for $ 100 million. 

Suborbital space tourism

Although the orbital space tourism industry attracted a lot of media attention after Tito's flight, other companies also worked hard to make space tourism a cost-effective proposition by developing suborbital vehicles designed to carry passengers to an altitude of 100 km (62 miles). In addition to the goal of making space tourism commercially viable, companies were competing for the Ansari X Prize, a $ 10 million prize offered by the X Prize Foundation to the first non-governmental organization to launch a reusable spacecraft manned twice in two weeks into space. (Part of the prize money was donated by Anousheh Ansari and his brother-in-law, Iran-born American businessman Amir Ansari. On October 4, 2004, SpaceShipOne, funded by Virgin Galactic and designed by American engineer Burt Rutan of Scaled Composites, won the X Award and in doing so ushered in a new era of commercial crewed spaceflight and space tourism.

In 2004, the United States Commercial Space Launches Amendment Act (CSLAA) provided guidelines to regulate the safety of human commercial spaceflight in the United States under the auspices of the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Under the CSLAA, FAA representatives will attend each launch, evaluate each landing, and work together with space tour operators; however, the FAA will not be able to impose safety rules until 2023 unless there is a serious incident. The guidelines require space tour operators to inform space flight participants in writing of the risks associated with launch and re-entry and the safety history of the launch vehicle. The CSLAA guidelines also require space flight participants to give their informed consent to participate in launch and re-entry.

Phases of Space Tourism

Like any other company, once space tourism is launched, it will gradually expand. It may be helpful to think that this goes through several phases. From a relatively small scale and relatively high price" pioneer phase", the scale of activity will increase and prices will decrease as it matures. Eventually, it will become a mass enterprise, like today's aviation.

Pioneering phase

The phrase "adventure travel in space" was suggested by Boeing's Gordon Woodcock, and is convenient for describing the first phase. Guests will be relatively few, from hundreds a year to thousands a year; prices will be high, 5 50,000 and more; and service will be closer to "adventure travel" than luxury hotel style. Orbital accommodation will be safe but "spartan".

Maturity phase

This will cause demand to increase from thousands of passengers per year to hundreds of thousands per year. Tickets to orbit will cost less, and flights will depart from many different airports. Orbital facilities will grow from simple clusters of prefabricated modules to large structures built in orbit for hundreds of guests, allowing for a wide range of orbital entertainment.

Mass phase

Ticket prices will fall to the equivalent of a few thousand dollars, and customers will grow from hundreds of thousands to millions of passengers a year. Seemingly unthinkable for most people in the space industry, even 1 million passengers a year is only 8 hours of aviation! And aviation continues to grow rapidly to the current level of 1 billion passengers per year. So there's no reason to assume that space travel will stop growing. There is certainly no limit to possible destinations. And the access to space resources that the low-cost launch will bring will ensure that economic growth does not have to stop for at least a few millennia.

Future prospects

Now SpaceX is the only option for someone looking to go into space and orbit the Earth. It currently has two planned tourist launches. The first is scheduled for September 2021, funded by billionaire entrepreneur Jared Isaacman. The other trip, scheduled for 2022, is organized by Axiom Space. These trips will be expensive, at 5 55 million for the flight and a stay on the International Space Station. The high cost has led some to warn that space tourism - and private access to space in general-could reinforce inequalities between rich and poor. Suborbital travel of Blue Origin and Virgin Galactic are much more reasonable in terms of cost, with prices between 2 200,000 and Virgin 250,000. Blue Origin appears to be the closest to allowing customers to pay on board, saying after a recent launch that manned missions would happen soon. Virgin Galactic continues to test SpaceShipTwo, but no specific schedule for tourist flights has been announced. Although these prices are high, it is worth considering that Dennis 20 million Dennis Tito tickets in 2001 could soon pay for 100 flights on Blue Origin. The experience of seeing the Earth from space, however, can prove invaluable to a whole new generation of space explorers.

Resource Links:

https://www.britannica.com/technology/Soyuz

https://phdessay.com/an-introduction-to-space-tourism/

http://spacefuture.com/tourism/introduction.shtml

https://theconversation.com/space-tourism-20-years-in-the-making-is-finally-ready-for-launch-159606

 

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Last modified on Wednesday, 08 September 2021 00:30
Super_User

My name is Georgios Gregoriadis. I am an experienced physicist with a strong background in Astronomy. I graduated from the University of Ioannina in 2002. I am a private teacher and owner of this website.

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